Shares tempt the investors also because it can give huge profits to them unlike the fixed rate of return on debentures. There are various ways or prices at which a company issues its shares like at par, at a premium and at discount.
(iv) the shares to be issued at a discount are issued within two months after the date on which the issue is sanctioned by the 3 Company Law Board] or within such extended time as the 3 Company Law Board] may allow.
The ratio of new shares to old shares is decided by the company when the rights issue is announced, and is the same for all shareholders. … The discount encourages shareholders to buy the new shares, but also means the “right” to buy the shares has a value all of its own.
ADVERTISEMENTS: When Shares are issued at a price lower than their face value, they are said to have been issued at a discount. For example, if a share of Rs 100 is issued at Rs 95, then Rs 5 (i.e. Rs 100—95) is the amount of discount.
Issue of shares at discount is void as per Companies Act 2013. Issuing shares at discount makes the shares more competitive and attracting lot of investors. There could be a chance of defrauding such investors. So to protect the investors interest the companies act has prohibited such issue.
Definition: A discount on stock occurs when the stock’s par value is higher than the issuing price. The difference between the greater par value and the lesser issue price is considered the discount. This represents the amount of the par value that investors were unwilling to pay for when the stock was issued.
A rights issue is an invitation to existing shareholders to purchase additional new shares in the company. This type of issue gives existing shareholders securities called rights. With the rights, the shareholder can purchase new shares at a discount to the market price on a stated future date.
Why rights issue are usually made at a discount?
Raising money for business growth is now very common, which has given more confidence to shareholders as well. … Through this mode, the company makes an offer to existing shareholders to buy additional shares in the company at a discounted price (rights offer price) within a prescribed period.
A company issues its shares at a premium when the price at which it sells the shares is higher than their par value. The amount of the premium is the difference between the par value and the selling price. … If shares do not have a par value, then there is no premium.
Bonus shares give positive sign to the market that the company is committed towards long term growth story. Bonus shares increase the outstanding shares which in turn enhances the liquidity of the stock. The perception of the company’s size increases with the increase in the issued share capital.
The sweat equity shares mean shares issued by a company to its directors or employees for non-cash consideration or at a discount for making rights available in the nature of intellectual property rights or providing know-hows or any providing any value additions in any form.